Mine in Curino (BI)

 
Spring view of the pond (2007). (Photo: )

 
This area includes three former adjoining mines: Gabella, Sella and Nolizza; the first was restored twenty-five years ago, the second, called Aurora Park, a dozen ago and the third ten years ago. They occupy an area of 15 hectares.
The restorations were designed to attract butterflies. The seeds of the herbaceous species, shrubs and plants were introduced with the purpose of being useful for adult butterflies and their caterpillars. The former need to feed on flowers and ripe fruit to suck their nectar and fructose, the latter need green material to chew on. Designing the vegetation in this way, we were able to attract 51 different species of butterflies (Bordignon, 2008) in five years (2003/2007) of census. To these, five discoveries from 2008 to 2011 must be added.
The butterflies arrived due to spontaneous migration and were not introduced, proving that it is sufficient to implement a good renaturalization plan in order to obtain good wildlife results. Aurora park is also home to a scientific ringing station that has been active for ten years. This census method allows the capture of elusive species' which are impossible to count visually and auditorily, thereby improving the qualitative aspect of the birdlife. The marking is very useful to understand the movements to and from the restored environments and to attest to the fidelity to breeding grounds and hibernation areas.
Many schools and groups visit: all are impressed by the recreation work conducted in this mine, made not only with the mind, but also with the heart.

 

Technical data sheet

 
Technical data sheet of the mine in Curino (Biella)
 

Pictures

 

An evocative view of the Aurora Park pond in October (2007).    Vibernum bushes in bloom.

The pond recreated in the former Gabella mine after about twenty years (2007).    Common Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) in bloom in May (2007).

A dormouse caught in a nest box for birds. In Aurora Park, there are about fifty artificial boxes made available to the animals.

A bunch of American Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) without berries, eaten by small birds.    The fruit is left to the butterflies, in the former mining in Nolizza.

Reptiles readily colonize the restored environments.    The sky and the autumn leaves in Aurora Park.

The islet recreated in the pond to encourage the laying of waterfowl (2007).    A beautiful bouquet of wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa), a flower that has colonized the former mine after a dozen years since the restoration.

The shaggy ink cap (Coprinus comatus) has appeared in the recreated environments after twenty years.

A good colony of red frogs lives in Curino, thanks to the presence of humid environments.    I cavalli aiutano a tenere bassa l’erba col loro brucamento, condizione indispensabile per favorire l’insediamento di uccelli steppicoli, come lo stiaccino (Saxicola rubetra).

The horses help to keep the grass low with their grazing, an indispensable condition to encourage the establishment of steppe birds, such as the Whinchat (Saxicola rubetra).

Outlook

 

Visualizza GMM Curino in una mappa di dimensioni maggiori